Varicose veins are a common condition that affects many adults.
According to statistics, this disease develops in women more often than in men. These veins appear on the legs and become more common with age.
In addition, in the article, important information about varicose veins is noted, corresponding photos are given to give you a better understanding of their shape, appearance and treatment.
What is varicose veins?
Varicose veins are abnormally dilated veins that normally develop in the legs. Typically blue, purple or skin color.
Looks like dilated, twisted, and bulging blood vessels may protrude on the surface of the skin.
What is a spider veins?
Spider veins (also known as varicose veins or spider veins, blood vessels) are a collection of small blood vessels that grow near the surface of the skin.
They are usually red, blue, or purple and look like a web page. The most common spider veins are found on the face and legs.
What causes the development of varicose veins?
Varicose veins are caused by structural abnormalities in blood vessels.
Veins carry blood from different parts of the body back to the heart. They have a series of check valves to prevent backflow.
For many reasons, these valves can be damaged, causing blood to flow back into the veins. Stagnant blood further increases the pressure inside the veins and weakens the blood vessel walls.
Then, due to blood stasis and dilation of blood vessels are affected, arachnoid and varicose veins form.
The reason for the development?
There are many different risk factors that increase a person's chance of having varicose veins.
- old age,
- stand or sit for a long time,
- hormone therapy,
- taking birth control pills,
- previous venous surgery,
- a history of venous thrombosis, family history
Symptoms of varicose veins
Varicose veins often have no symptoms or signs other than their unwanted aesthetic appearance. However, some people may experience some symptoms of varicose veins.
Symptoms may include:
- throbbing pain
- burning sensation,
- tingling or cramps in the leg.
These symptoms are usually worse after sitting or standing for a long time. Individuals can also develop brown skin tone and eventually nutritional ulcers.
Complications of varicose veins
If varicose veins are not treated, this can lead to the following:
- Skin ulcers develop due to nutrition. These open wounds usually appear on the legs. They can sometimes lead to the development of a soft tissue infection.
- Blood clots inside veins (superficial thrombophlebitis) develop.
- May bleed from a vein.
Diagnosis of vascular network and varicose leg veins
The presence of varicose veins can be diagnosed by examining the affected area, usually in the leg.
Inspection includes visual inspection and palpation of problem areas. Pay particular attention to areas with redness, swelling, skin discoloration, and trophic ulcers.
There are many different methods you can use at home to help alleviate some of the symptoms if they appear. These conservation methods can also help prevent any potential complications.
Compression socks are a simple home remedy to help relieve leg symptoms.
They improve blood circulation by increasing pressure in the legs. These socks come in different types and compressions. Your doctor can recommend a suitable pair for you. Usually sold in pharmacies.
A program to lose weight and exercise regularly can help relieve symptoms of arachnoid disease and varicose veins.Affected people should avoid standing or sitting for extended periods and raise their legs while sitting or sleeping to improve circulation and reduce leg edema.
Sometimes at home conservative varicose veins may not give the desired results. In these cases, more specialized medical procedures may be performed, depending on the location and size of the abnormal veins.
These medical procedures are usually performed for cosmetic reasons.
Treatment is a common technique that can be performed by a doctor; It is very effective at removing most spider veins and some varicose veins.
During this procedure, without anesthesia, the doctor will inject a liquid solution directly into the affected vein, causing it to stick together and eventually disappear. It may take several sessions for optimum results. Possible side effects include bruising, swelling, bleeding, infection, and skin discoloration.
Treatment: before and after
Therapeutic therapies can take several sessions and the length of time to heal can vary from person to person.
In general, spider veins start to disappear within 3-6 weeks of treatment, while varicose veins can take several months to improve.
Laser therapy for varicose veins
Laser therapy is another alternative medical procedure a doctor can also perform. It is sometimes used in addition to sclerotherapy to maximize results. This technique is most effective for spider veins and small varicose veins.
For patients with a fear of needles, laser therapy offers an alternative treatment option, although your doctor can advise you on which treatment is best for your particular condition.
A laser therapy that uses a focused beam of light heats the affected blood vessel, which eventually disappears.
Possible side effects include mild redness or swelling around the area being treated, skin discoloration, blisters, and, rarely, scarring.
Laser therapy is a recently developed varicose vein treatment in which the affected area is treated with light pulses of different ranges.
Laser treatment: before and after the procedure
As with sclerotherapy, multiple laser treatments are often required to achieve optimal results. Improvement may take weeks to months after treatment.
Surgery is a treatment option for more severe varicose veins. Your doctor will discuss with you the various possible surgical procedures to help you decide which varicose treatment method is best for you. One of the surgical methods is to bandage the veins and remove them through small incisions in the skin.
Varicose veins: before and after treatment
Vein constriction and resection are often successful in treating the symptoms and aesthetic problems of varicose veins. This surgery is performed under local, spinal or general anesthesia in the hospital.
This full recovery from surgery usually takes about 2-4 weeks. Potential complications may include infection, bleeding, scarring, nerve damage, deep vein thrombosis, and an adverse reaction to anesthetics.
Intravenous laser therapy
Intravenous laser therapy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves shining a laser beam through a thin wire inserted into the affected vein, causing it to narrow.
Intravenous laser therapy has an initial success rate of 98%. This procedure is performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia or mild sedation.
Patient reported less pain and recovered faster with intravenous laser therapy compared with vein ligation and resection with surgery.
Cut off radio frequencies
Vein radiectomy is a minimally invasive procedure similar to intravenous laser therapy.
Instead of using laser light, a catheter is inserted into a vein using radio frequency energy, heating and narrowing the affected vein.
As with IV laser therapy, patients report less pain and recover faster than surgical angioplasty and resection.
Prevention of varicose veins
While varicose veins are not always preventable, there are many different things you can take to reduce your risk of developing them.
Prevention tips include:
- Exercise regularly;
- Maintain a healthy weight;
- Avoid sitting or standing for long periods of time;
- Avoid clamping your legs while sitting;
- Raise your legs higher when resting;
- Do not wear tight-fitting clothing around the waist, groin, and legs.
Dear friends. This article is not medical advice and should not be used as a substitute for your doctor's advice.