Signs of varicose leg veins in women are common - this pathology is detected in almost every third woman. This disease, accompanied by dilation of the lumen and thinning of the venous walls, not only leads to the appearance of cosmetic defects, but also is accompanied by pain and malnutrition of the tissues of the extremities. below. As a result, if left untreated, women can develop trophic ulcers in their legs, which can lead to even more serious complications. That is why the initiation of varicose vein treatment should always be timely.
The signs of varicose veins in women are not always obvious in the early stages - sometimes the disease lasts a long time.
Initial causes and signs
Varicose veins in the legs under the influence of the following factors:
- overweight; Genetic
- sedentary lifestyle;
- stays long in a static position;
- is pregnant;
- gave birth to a child;
- taking high-dose oral contraceptives;
- increased abdominal pressure with frequent or persistent cough, sneezing or constipation;
- overloaded during exercise or exertion;
- foot injury;
- pelvic pathology;
- overuse of tanning or heat treatments;
- wearing uncomfortable shoes;
- the habit of sitting cross-legged;
- alcohol abuse;
- old age.
Due to the increased pressure in the veins and the stagnation of blood, the vessels become strained, the blood flowing in them changes direction and flow rate, as the vessel walls change tone andthe valve stops working normally. As a result, changes in the veins lead to the development of a vicious cycle of hemodynamics and other venous functions.
In the early stages of varicose veins, blood flow can still be compensated for with conservative measures - wearing compressed lingerie, exercising, and using enhancement pills. However, as the disease progresses, changes in the structure of the veins become irreversible and can only be removed with surgery.
Symptoms of varicose veins can significantly disrupt a normal pace of life.
The following symptoms may become the first sign of varicose leg disease:
- heavy in legs;
- the appearance of telangiectasias - spider veins and meshes of different colors (blue, red, black);
- feeling full for a long time in a motionless position (sitting, standing);
- convulsions at night;
- reduces symptoms after walking or resting in a horizontal position.
Usually, the first signs of this common illness are attributed to fatigue, and the doctor's visit may be postponed until serious consequences appear. As the dilation of the venous walls progresses, symptoms become more and more pronounced, and then new manifestations are added to those above.
Dilation at a later stage is manifested by the following symptoms:
- rapid fatigue of legs;
- feels full of liquid;
- swelling of soft tissues after exertion;
- opacity and convexity of large veins of the skin;
- itchy skin;
- bruising due to rupture of large vessels;
- skin peeling; hair loss
- trophic ulcers.
In the context of varicose veins in women, a blood clot - a thrombus - can form in the lumen of the veins. As they travel through the bloodstream, consequences of varying severity develop: thrombosis, thrombosis, development of cardiovascular diseases, opening and healing of ulcers, penetration of blood clots intoheart or lungs.
Diagnosis and treatment
To confirm the diagnosis, a woman should contact a vascular surgeon and undergo an examination. The diagnostic plan includes a checkup with the research tool:
- Doppler ultrasound of the leg blood vessels;
- scan two-sided circuit;
- X-ray method and radionuclides.
The treatment strategies for varicose leg veins are determined by the stage of the disease. Use cautious means soon:
- wears a compressed knitted cloth or an elastic bandage;
- sufficient physical activity;
- wear comfortable shoes;
- physical therapy exercises;
- removes static load on feet;
- application of venotonics.
The duration of conservative treatment is individual and depends on the rate of disease progression and adherence to the doctor's recommendations. It can be supplemented with a special diet, which implies the inclusion of foods in the diet helps strengthen blood vessel walls.
The probability that varicose veins will regress under the onslaught of conservative treatments is determined on a case-by-case basis. In many ways, the success of therapy depends on the time it takes to see the doctor.
In addition, these therapies are recommended in the preparatory phase of surgical treatment or for patients with contraindications to invasive intervention.
Sometimes preventing the progression of varicose veins may involve implementing minimal invasive interventions. They are applicable only for strict indications, which are defined during the examination of the patient.
Treatment for varicose veins in the advanced stage usually involves performing surgery - minimally invasive or classical.
If possible, women should thoroughly treat varicose leg varicose veins:
- compression therapy; coagulation by laser
- optical coagulation; radio frequency coagulation
If the impact of these minimally invasive techniques is not enough, then for a more radical surgical treatment, classical surgeries are performed:
- removed the miniflebectomy;
- removes phlebectomy;
- Method of Trendelenburg (with complications due to thrombosis and infection).
Sometimes classical surgical techniques are complemented with the use of minimally invasive techniques. Such a combination allows to reduce surgical injury and shorten postoperative rehabilitation time.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities can be treated with success, especially in the early stages. That is why the first signs of this disease always become a reason to see a vascular surgeon. Varicose veins can occur at many different ages, it is observed that women are more susceptible to this disease. Signs of varicose veins in women are the same as in men.