Venous disease, also known as varicose veins, affects the modern population more and more often. Therefore, it is important for each person to know what the essence of varicose veins is, its causes and manifestations.
After all, as you know, the best treatment is to prevent the onset of the disease, not to combat existing symptoms.
The causes of varicose veins in the legs and how to get rid of it are the basis of long-term research by experts from many countries around the world, so this topic has now been studied quite thoroughly.
How does the disease develop?
In the body of a healthy person, blood circulates in two directions: from the heart down and up, while the blood flows again through the heart muscle. In the veins of the veins in the legs there are valves that ensure the movement of blood and push the blood up.
Healthy veins in the legs allow blood to flow both up and down, and their valves supply blood to all the deep vessels.
If the veins are affected and the veins are dilated, i. e. the valve doesn't fit well with the vessel wall, blood will pool in the lower extremities. This is how varicose veins begin.
How does varicose veins manifest? Inadequate blood flow causes the veins to dilate, and the gap between the valve and the vein wall in the legs increases.
Venous vessels lose tone, a network of small capillaries appears on the surface of the skin, and venous pressure increases.
If varicose veins do occur, the veins, alas, cannot become completely healthy anymore, and require treatment. That is why it is necessary to establish what is the cause of the appearance of varicose veins, possible ways to prevent and eliminate it.
So varicose veins are the cause.
Factors of the appearance of varicose veins
The etiology of varicose veins has been fully studied by specialists - veniologists from different countries, and as a result several factors have been established that give rise to varicose veins.
- Varicose veins in the legs can occur, first of all, due to the fact that a person is a bipedal creature. Since the body of "Homo sapiens" is mainly in an upright position during the day, it puts considerable pressure on the area of the lower limbs.
- An unmotivated lifestyle is another factor in the occurrence of varicose veins. When leading a predominantly sedentary lifestyle, blood flow in the lower extremities first slows, and then unpleasant stasis occurs in this area. Presence of chronic edema and a feeling of heaviness in the legs. Therefore, if the job is associated with being constantly at the computer, the risk of disease will increase significantly.
- Work involving increased physical activity. All organs work in an intensive mode, the tension of the limbs is almost constant. Blood pressure is significantly higher than normal and the deformity of the vessels in the legs becomes chronic.
- Stand still, unchanged. If a person, due to work duties, is forced to spend a lot of time on his feet, this also disrupts venous blood flow, increases blood pressure in the vessels of the legs and begins to appear ill. stagnation. Professionals such as hairdressers, makeup artists, and salespeople are all at risk.
- Genetic factors. Unfortunately, many illnesses come from our elderly relatives. So, if previous generations have had patients with varicose veins, then varicose veins may manifest themselves more in descendants than in people who do not inherit this dangerous disease.
- Hormonal changes. If the hormonal background is unstable, there is a violation in this regard, then the appearance of venous disease usually does not take long. Especially often in this way, varicose veins can begin in women during pregnancy, when there are major hormonal changes. In this regard, menopause is equally risky, as the level of the hormone estrogen decreases, and as a result the vein walls become looser and more prone to dilation. In addition, long-term hormone therapy can cause varicose veins.
- Abnormal growth of the veins, various formations inside the vessel, for example, fistula or fistula. If they appear, blood is pushed directly from the artery into the vein, so the venous pressure increases sharply.
- Prolonged periods of stressBeing under stress for a long time is very dangerous for the work of the whole body, and the blood vessels in the calves are no exception. Dysfunction of the central nervous system often has an extremely adverse effect on the functioning of the circulatory system, including in the region of the lower extremities.
- Excessive body weight. Obesity is harmful to the whole body, and overweight legs are especially serious. Why does varicose veins appear if the body weight is already over the norm? The fact is that unnecessary kilograms put pressure on the blood vessels of the pelvis and calves, swelling appears, the work of blood vessels is disrupted, and as a result causes blood congestion and deformityof the veins in this area. Long.
- Smoke. This addiction causes a sharp narrowing of the blood vessels, especially the veins and capillaries located in the affected lower extremities. Due to a strong spasm, the blood flow inside the veins is slowed, the blood supply to these areas is poor. Vessels become fragile, stasis occurs, and then thrombus forms.
- Elderly. As we age, all the organ systems in the body wear out and sometimes cannot function properly, and the feet are no exception. In addition to the loss of elasticity of the walls of blood vessels and veins, which in this case affects a general decrease in mobility, preferring a sedentary lifestyle.
- Drinking too much alcohol, fatty, spicy and salty foods. Not only the venous wall is subject to an excess of gastric juice, but also the formation of excess cholesterol - the main factor contributing to the formation of blood clots, blood clots.
- Clothes are not comfortable. For example, these are trousers - stretching, excessively tight legs, thereby leading to a violation of blood flow. All these, possibly, are fashionable elements of the wardrobe, in which case they are worn regularly, have an adverse effect on health, violations of the venous circulation become chronic, the vessels become damaged. deformation and appearance of varicose veins.
- Uncomfortable heels or simply uncomfortable synthetics that don't allow air to pass through. When wearing such shoes, the feet are always in a state of tension, constant pressure on the calf muscles, from which the blood rushes to the veins. Such disregard for your comfort and health is a direct precondition for the onset of varicose veins.
- Alas, the cause of varicose veins of the legs is also over-enthusiastic with baths, steam rooms, saunas. If abused, these procedures can also significantly disrupt blood flow in the body, creating increased pressure in the veins of the lower extremities.
Is it possible to eliminate the causes of varicose veins?
If varicose veins are already present and the veins have lost their original shape, elasticity and smoothness, and the blood flow is disrupted, then only treatments will work. And what to do to maintain the health of the venous vessels of the legs?
Follow these simple instructions:
- Control body weight, try to maintain a normal weight, do not let the situation gain more weight. To get regular physical activity without overstretching the calf muscles, make regular physical activity, walking a part of your lifestyle.
- Try to avoid frequent overeating. Smoked meats, fatty foods, sweets, canned goods and simply too salty food will be a very rare diner on your table.
- Prioritize comfortable high-quality shoes made of natural materials so your feet can "breathe" and only wear heels when appearing at ceremonies.
- Same goes for clothes. Avoid synthetics, too tight, and don't buy smaller clothes in the hope of losing weight in the future. First of all, everything should be comfortable.
- Overcome addictions. This point does not need detailed comment.
- You should drink clean water, weak teas, herbal infusions, homemade fruit juices, fruit drinks. In general, fluid intake should be at least one and a half (preferably two) liters per day.
Like other diseases, leg vascular disease is easier to prevent in time than to let the symptoms be severe.
If it is important for you to maintain your health for many years, watch your feet, do not ignore the heavy swelling and in the evening, try to take some time to rest and relax. relax in the evening after a busy day.
An active lifestyle, a healthy nutritious diet and no addiction are the keys to staying active for many years.