Normally, the blood flows through the veins up to the heart, the lungs, because she's helping the muscle contraction. But gravity has not been canceled, it is logical that the liquid somehow and then work your way back. To avoid this, as well as the blood where the veins have valves. They open in the direction to the flow of blood, closed, to hold back.
If the valve is not working, don't close until the end, the blood still flows down his veins. Ships are not able to accommodate the blood, stretch, act on the skin bumps.
How to recognize varicose veins
The symptoms of varicose veins are usually visible to the naked eye. These are the large, swollen veins that are visible just under the skin similar to that of the knot.
Not every vessel which I saw — patients. Despite the fact that the disease is common, sometimes visible veins — this is just a function of the body.
Varicose veins, except for the external signals, there are other symptoms: pain, feeling of heaviness in the legs.
When the disease progresses and becomes more severe stage who:
- Swelling of the foot or ankle.
- The discoloration of the skin over the affected vein.
- The infection of the skin.
- Ulcers. Where the veins are overloaded the most. Cure is difficult.
The doctor (veins phlebologist) examine the blood vessels in the case of the patients with ultrasound: ultrasound can help determine which valves are not working, regardless of whether the veins of blood clots.
What are the dangers of varicose veins
But pain, ulcers, that's not the main problem. There is another danger, which the naked eye cannot be detected. Due to stagnation of the blood, vessels, clot — dense clots. They also "stick" to the vessel wall, and narrowing of the lumen, can break away and go with the flow in other vessels, increasing the risk of blockage. This condition is called embolism. This is very dangerous, can even lead to death.
Why varicose veins
There is no single reason, which can result in varicose veins. But there are still some factors that increase the risks:
- Genetic predisposition. Not genetic, if your parents suffered from varicose veins, there is an opportunity to inherit.
- Paul. Women suffer from varicose veins much than men. The studies varicose veins found in 63% women, 37% of men in Russia.
- Injury, surgery. May interfere with the operation of the valves in the vessels.
- Mass. Because this increases the load on the legs, and that's what's causing the problems.
- A great deal of practice. Especially dangerous static load. For example, sit or stand a lot of harmful. We'd better hurry up, to change body position to work different muscles.
- Age. The older you are, the weaker the walls of the blood vessels.
- Pregnancy. Additional load, as well as changes in the body increase the varicose veins.
How to treat varicose veins
In general, the goal of treatment is to reduce the load on the veins and restore blood flow. If the unpleasant symptoms, threats to the blood clots I don't, then the treatment is not necessary.
Light exercise, especially walking, is a good way to get my legs to work as it should. Muscles that are in constantly decreases, when walking helps to pump the blood, the heart, and reduces the congestion.
The moderate exercise is still the best (only proven) way to prevent varicose veins.
The symptoms of varicose veins will help you self-massage (you can use the creams or ointments). The simplest task does not require the movement — just lay down and raise your legs to reduce the swelling.
Compression stockings to compress the leg a little bit, not physically allows the blood vessels to swell, this is one of the main methods of treatment of varicose veins. Wear them with a light form of the disease, and the severity.
Linen change strength, compression, form. Therefore before purchase it is better to consult a doctor and consider his recommendations.
Remember: compression is gradually stretched, so should be discarded after a few months wear to buy new.
Any medication prescribed by your doctor. Sometimes you need devices that prevent blood clots, sometimes requiring antibiotics to treat infections or creams that will help soothe the irritated skin.
In some cases, the operation is the most effective. Modern operations are performed using a laser, radiofrequency or sclerotherapy method, local anesthesia.
What are these methods to close the affected vein. When not working, blood will find a solution: heart-healthy, deep vessels, which are very rarely prone to varicose veins (thicker, stronger, and not just the stage).
Remove the ship are now extremely rare, only in severe cases.
When to see a doctor
Always, if you notice a spider, confused by the bulging veins, or leg swelling. It is necessary not to self-medicate. Only the survey if this helps or not, to the pharmacy to get compression underwear, drink blood-thinning medications.