Varicose veins: photo in the initial stages, the causes, treatment methods

Varicose veins on the legs is one of the most serious problems of the XXI century. Sedentary lifestyle, always in a hurry, lack of response to the signals of the body leads to serious health problems.

Varicose veins (or varicose veins folk) the swelling under the skin of the peripheral veins due to stagnation of the blood. Swollen veins in dark blue and purple. Later, ulcers, blood clots, a man is suffering from a sore leg. How to handle the peril? .

What is varicose veins

varicose veins-legs

Vascular pathology is known for thousands of years. Even the ancient Egyptian texts contain mention of the insidious disease. Pathology develops, the inadequate blood flow to the peripheral vessels.

Medical aspects of the disease:

  • the congenital weakness of venous walls under the influence of harmful factors of the valves, when the blood ceases to function normally;
  • the blood flow is interrupted, blood clot, blood clots in the blood increased venous pressure;
  • the excess blood, he didn't have time to go through the gaps, accumulate, dilate the blood vessels;
  • the outer wall in the vicinity of the surface of the skin because it is visible under the skin;
  • the more blood clots, as well as the areas affected, the greater the obstacles to the normal blood flow;
  • veins. "roll", they lose their normal appearance. In the later stages the vessels, similar to blue or dark purple thick rope.

Most often the veins of fat in the legs due to high load, and the least mobility of the "sitting" or "standing" job. Varicose veins affect people of different social status.

Many consider this pathology as an occupational disease. Risk to the bloating, the peripheral veins:

  • the barbers;
  • the workers in the-sphere;
  • the seller;
  • military;
  • the leaders, as well as others.


After several studies, scientists have found that the factors causing the swelling of the veins, bad circulation, the appearance of the pain, difficulty, weakness in the legs.

photos of varicose veins

Primary reasons:

  • pregnancy;
  • overweight;
  • heredity. My parents also had a weak wrist? The likelihood of developing the same disease, the child reaches 70%;
  • congenital weakness of connective tissue;
  • elastic socks or stockings.

Other factors causing venous stasis:

  • prolonged work of the computer.
  • the lack of movement;
  • habit to sit down, my leg, my leg;
  • the need to spend a long time in the "standing";
  • hormonal disturbances. The biggest threat to women in the pregnancy, after the menopause;
  • high-heeled shoes. The constant walking in high heels exerts a lot of stress, your veins;
  • frequent lifting, carrying heavy loads;
  • improper nutrition, excessive hard, fatty foods, lack of vegetables.

The first symptoms

To recognize varicose veins is very simple. It is important to listen to the signs, which is continuously sent to the body. Incorrect lifestyle, was not willing to accept to give yourself a little time the disease develops rather quickly.

Most commonly affected veins:

  • the leg;
  • the rectum;
  • the pool.

Much less great vessels:

  • of the esophagus;
  • the spermatic cord.

The main symptoms of varicose veins:

  • pain, heaviness in legs, swelling to the end of the day;
  • a feeling of burning, warmth, filling of veins;
  • gradually, the discomfort seems not only after work, or heavy physical exertion;
  • night person plagued by leg cramps;
  • sometimes the symptoms of varicose veins appear, only the knee, or the hind legs;
  • sometimes, there are "dull" the pain, a particular difficulty is the connection to the skin causing pain;
  • vessels gradually dilate, darken, becoming more and more obvious under the skin;
  • the formation of "spider veins", veins thicken, bend, to be easy to test;
  • the swelling extends to the ankle, the lower part of the legs, sometimes feet swell also;
  • after walking the person will be tired in the legs "vibrate", and muscle weakness.
the expansion vessels

Important! Signs in the early stages of varicose veins many. Why do people delay visit to the doctor? You don't have enough money for the treatment, and the other, when the third – desires. Sometimes a combination of all the factors.

The treatment caused by a lack of disease progression:

  • the skin of the Shin darken to become denser;
  • the severe open long non-healing ulcers;
  • deterioration in the nutrition of the skin, the skin dry, wrinkled.

Acute stage:

  • unbearable aching legs at different times of the day;
  • weakness;
  • temperature rise;
  • sometimes when you break open venous plexus bleeding. This phenomenon is more common at night.

Possible complications

What happens if you neglect the treatment and prevention of varicose veins peripheral vascular? In special cases, because a lot of patients. Can develop serious complications.

The most dangerous version – the inability of the normal blood flow, the development of gangrene, amputation of a limb (s). Think about it.

Common complications are the following:

  • thrombophlebitis in the acute stage;
  • phlebothrombosis;
  • trophic ulcer;
  • bleeding the affected nodes.

General advice, rules of treatment

How to treat varicose veins? The success of the treatment largely depends on the attitude of the patient to the doctor's recommendations. Without the help of an experienced phlebologist can't. This is a fairly rare case, you have to find the good doctor.

Tune in to the long-term treatment. Restore health to your veins is harder than to remove the symptoms of varicose veins.

varicose enlargement of the veins

Remember the basic rules:

  • move more. To deal with venous stasis helps morning exercises, walking, Cycling, swimming;
  • try to lose weight;
  • refrain from strenuous exercise, resistance training, running, jumping;
  • in the initial stage, wear compression stockings, special flexible bandage;
  • most of the let foot, increase your legs by using a low pillow;
  • excellent "disperse" blood simple task. Lie on your back, bend your knees, imitate the Cycling for a minute or two.

Important! Change in the diet. The healthy blood vessels of those who are vegetables, greens, berries, fruits, dairy products, bread, wheat flour and drinking enough fluids. Fatty, salty, smoked dishes, lots of bread, cheap pasta, reduces vascular tone, increases the risk of thrombosis.

Listen to these tips:

  • the length of stay on the feet, if possible, take a seat. The work starts before the break, apply for feet refreshing gel, ointment against varicose veins. The drugs, and then remove the inevitable swelling, improves the blood circulation;
  • the related area working at the computer or driving an hour to get up, walk around the room. As often as possible, of the car. So warned, that not only varicose veins but hemorrhoids;
  • don't forget: all day, but still in high heels – is harmful. If the job suits you, make sure that the rest of the foot. Remove at least 10 minutes stud, sit, or barefoot. Otherwise, the rich but ugly veins, the disease, the need to completely forget about the beautiful heel;
  • during pregnancy wear special bandage to reduce the pressure on the circulatory system. The recommendation of the doctor to wear special elastic stockings to reduce venous stasis.
the varicose veins injection

Folk remedies, recipes

Initial stage of varicose veins successfully treated with homemade ointments, compresses, creams and other natural products, herbs. The most important thing– the desire of the patient, the regularity of the procedures.

Treatment of varicose veins folk remedies at home. Tested recipes:

  • for a foot bath. Relieve fatigue after a hard day, to reduce swelling will help you in adding the sea salt water, decoction of chamomile, mint, succession, yarrow. Voice of the blood vessels a few drops of essential oils of geranium, lemon, peppermint, rosemary. The duration is 30 minutes. The water should be warm, closer to king;
  • compresses decoction of sage, yarrow, chamomile, marigold, mint. All the herbs, 1 tablespoon, pour 1.5 liters of hot water. Insist 40 minutes, strain. Wet gauze, apply to tired feet. Change compresses 2 or 3 times, as the drying of the liquid;
  • tincture of flowers of purple and chestnut. Collect fresh color, fold in a pint 2 tbsp each of raw materials, pour a good vodka. Insist 2 weeks in the dark. Daily a few times a day, wipe your feet, healing tincture;
  • paradise varicose veins. The juicy pulp of tomatoes is a substance lycopene, which strengthens the blood vessels. Loop the tomatoes through a meat grinder, put the weight on the cheesecloth, wrap the patient's leg. A couple of hours, not less. Simple way: cut the tomatoes, wipe the leg, from the top down. Well treat varicose knots. After half an hour you will feel relieved;
  • The Apple infusion. The variety "Antonovka". Four big slices of apples, pour a liter of boiling water, cover the pan. 4 hours after the infusion is ready. Crush the fruits. Morning and evening, take 1/3 Cup of infusion with a teaspoon of honey.

Modern treatments

Moderate to severe, advanced cases are treated with the latest techniques. Effective:

  • microflebractomy (affected veins are removed through holes in the skin);
  • sclerotherapy (patients vessels treated in the introduction to the special drugs);
  • laser therapy (removal of damaged areas, as well as the varicose veins treatment laser);
  • thermo coagulation (the process is removed from vascular network).

Preventive recommendations

Medical recommendations:

  • for a long time do not sit or stand on during the work day;
  • regularly sit down or, on the contrary, then, to move;
  • follow the diet;
  • control your weight;
  • don't wear high heels constantly;
  • rarely work out;
  • strengthens the elasticity of blood vessels, moderate exercise, water procedures;
  • vitamin supplements;
  • when tired legs every night to do invigorating bath of nutrients;
  • clean the blood with the help of natural compounds.
laser treatment