Varicose veins: symptoms, treatment

That's why everyone who is faced with this problem, it is important to know the causes of varicose veins, the symptoms, but the most important thing to learn is the best method of treatment of the disease.

varicose veins in the legs

General information

Varicose veins are a chronic vascular disease develops as a consequence of blood stasis (often in the lower limbs). This happens due to the insolvency vascular valves, which are usually bleeding, only the lower limbs to the heart. The blood that for a long time puts pressure on the walls of the blood vessels to become thinner, lose elasticity, distortion, significantly expanded. The leg of such a patient by the naked eye can observe the writhing "snake" boats to rise above the skin, in some places forming varicose knots.

Causes of varicose veins

The reasons for the development of this disease very much. In particular, varicose veins can cause:

  1. The "bad" heredity. The varicose veins are experienced by the persons, a congenital weakness of the valve apparatus or venous walls.
  2. Increased venous pressure. Very often this disease leads to factors, which increase the pressure, namely, pregnancy, obesity, constant, vertical load (if a day on their feet), sedentary lifestyle (a sitting job).
  3. Hormonal means. Hormonal agents, especially birth control pills high in estrogen, to provoke the blood clots and can lead to varicose veins.
  4. Violations of the blood circulation. The accidents may occur due to weak physical activity, Smoking, wearing too tight shoes, or chronic constipation.
  5. Hormonal disorders, associated with age-related changes in the body.

Symptoms, complications of the disease

The doctors noticed that the varicose veins is not so bad, as dangerous complications. Indeed, the development of early stages of the disease, the extension of the saphenous veins in the human aesthetic problem (especially affecting women). First appear on the skin, blood vessels — the so-called "network". The man starts to feel heavy legs, the legs, note the swelling of the limbs and feels the pain when walking. It is important symptoms of varicose veins, which certainly should not be ignored. If you're not in a hurry to go to the doctor, find the cause of the disease, you risk to start early, that a problem cannot be resolved without surgical intervention.

The development of varicose veins skin legs thickens, it becomes bluish tint. Calf, the patient will begin to "wine" even in the short walk, but under the skin may be swollen veins. And then, over time, these veins are very painful.

But this is only the beginning, serious health problems. If you start to deal with the existing disease of the skin surrounding the affected veins start to occur irreversible changes, and later there appear to be wounds. In fact, without treatment, the inner walls of the veins inflamed and trigger formation of blood clots. So developing thrombophlebitis. Increasing in size, thrombus block the lumen of the vein, at any time the clot may break away. This condition can cause death.

It is clear, therefore, that the varicose veins to be treated. And to start therapy as soon as possible. Then we will look at the methods of treatment of this disease.


The treatment of varicose veins be sure to apply the medicine. Most of the capsules or pills in which the body multilateral action. In particular:

  • Special tools. These drugs increase blood flow, prevent thrombosis formation, however, increases the tone of the artery walls. To eliminate the varicose veins of these drugs don't work, but to remove, swelling of the feet, eliminates the burning and pain they are quite capable.
  • Medicines which thin the blood. These medications thin the blood and promote better circulation, prevent thrombosis formation.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs. These include tablets, ointments, gels which eliminate the pain, relieve the swelling, preventing the platelets to stick together. But more importantly, these medications prevent the inflammation process, which leads to thrombosis.

Stockings varicose veins

The women are faced with varicose veins more often than men. This is largely due to the hormonal changes of the female body (menopause, pregnancy). Therefore, the best way to prevent the varicose veins to wear a special stocking or stockings. Such compression compresses the legs and prevents the varicose veins, therefore, is an excellent prevention of varicose veins. And in the case if you have already developed the disease, this is the underwear to protect your legs, pain, swelling, fatigue.

vein treatment


Treatment of varicose veins water known since ancient times. Under the influence of the different temperatures, the blood vessels to constrict, then dilate, which helps to improve the elasticity. Knowing this, the modern doctors, hydrotherapy, and the development of early stage of varicose veins when the skin began to appear spider veins. Furthermore, depending on the existing problem, baths can be local (just the leg) or general (whole body). The temperature of the water in the tub changes from 20 to 40 °C.

Non-traditional therapies

The complex treatment of varicose veins can be applied to the non-traditional methods. Here are a few examples.

Potato juice

The affected vein, in the morning, afternoon and evening lubricate freshly squeezed potato juice and apply to the night bandage with a bandage dipped in this soup. In addition, 3 R/day, you should drink 100 ml of potato juice. Treat varicose veins this tool should be 3-4 months.

Apple cider vinegar

This is called the "facility 1. C." the varicose veins, because apple cider vinegar improves blood circulation, strengthens the vascular wall, improves the skin tone. To apply, it's very simple: 2-3 R/day to lubricate the skin, vinegar to the affected veins. In parallel, you need to drink a glass of water, which is diluted 1 teaspoon of vinegar. The duration of treatment is 2 months.

The leaves of Kalanchoe

This is another effective remedy to combat varicose veins. Fill the half-liter bottle of crushed leaves of Kalanchoe half, then pour the raw material is 40% alcohol, so the bottle was full. Thus, the means to infuse in a dark place during the week, the tribe, and then the tincture in rubbing the affected areas 2 p/day. The procedure should be supplemented with a light massage of the veins. This duration of treatment is 4 months.

Willow bark

Help me to fight the disease, bath, white willow bark. This procedure shall be cut to the bark, then 2 tablespoons of raw materials pour 400 ml of water, and cook on low heat for 15 minutes. Ready means, add a bucket of water and dip your feet, take 30 minutes. And immediately after the procedure, and wear compression stockings. Carry out the procedure to be a day for the last 3 months. By the way, to enhance the effect, the decoction of willow bark can be mixed with a decoction of oak bark.

The above is an excellent means for the prevention of the disease, and provide a good help in the treatment of varicose veins in the early stages of the disease. However, practice shows that in 80% of cases persons in the affected blood vessels but the doctors already running disease. In such a situation, no compression, no creams, ointments or folk medicine, they don't know, however, that affect the progression of the disease. The necessary drastic measures. Fortunately, modern medicine is ready to offer effective methods to address this complex issue.


This non-surgical method of dealing with varicose veins in which a doctor using a fine needle, inject the affected vein special substance. This stuff glues the vein from the inside to unlock the blood flow begins to go through healthy veins. The number of seats the introduction of sclerosant may vary depending on the severity. And the whole treatment, the patient must wear a compression garment.


As a result of this therapy, people almost forget about varicose veins. Only 25% of cases of recurrence appear, but they are connected by a running disease. However, it should be understood that sclerotherapy not be performed on pregnant women, or obese.

Laser treatment

It's the modern achievements of medicine, which allows you to get rid of varicose veins without surgery. Radiation that creates the laser is "fused" into the affected vein, thus preventing that the distance and cutting off the blood flow, which starts to go to the deeper veins. Over time, the glued boat is formed, the connective tissue that subsequently resolved.

This method of solving problems was more effective than the varicose veins. Less traumatic, it takes less than 40 minutes and the patient leaves the clinic after 2 hours after surgery. It's no wonder that the treatment of varicose veins laser called "office surgery". The incision in the skin, only the elimination of the large veins, while the smaller varicose veins are removed from tissues without harming them. Just remember that the cost of such operations is quite high.

Radio frequency ablation

Recently in our country began to practice the most modern methods to eliminate the affected veins, which is called radio frequency ablation. This medicine is the main trunk veins affected by varicose veins. In this case, a puncture of the skin of the affected vein injected radio-frequency catheter to the microwave, "beer" vein. Moreover, the catheter has sensors that allows you to track the effectiveness of the procedure.

This method is competition in the laser treatment, because it does not require incisions in the skin, leaving no wounds carried out in just 30 minutes. On the day of surgery the patient can return to your tasks. However, the cost of this procedure is also high, compared to laser photocoagulation.

Surgical removal of

It is important to understand that in the case of eczema, thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers, the treatment of the above methods is not possible. Launched, to eliminate the varicose veins just surgery to remove the veins. However, this is not so critical. In the Arsenal of modern surgery, micro-surgical techniques to remove the patient's vein through a small incision, the scars after the surgery, simply does not remain. In addition, the new technology allows you to remove the painful veins literally 30-40 minutes.

The fear of varicose veins is not necessary. On the contrary, the disease requires attention, the sooner the better. Early detection and appropriate treatment will help to eliminate the disease and live a full life.