Varicose veins: symptoms, treatment

Circulatory system of blood flow, hemostasis is difficult and dangerous. To them it is difficult, for example, in the treatment of varicose veins, how much energy, requires patience. But life is such that it's just that the varicose veins of the lower limbs. Bar man behind the bar, though sitting behind the computer, although uncomfortable shoes, which is quick - all impede the flow, that stasis in the veins in the legs, if you have this disease, parents were persecuted, in danger twice.

varicose veins

The young girls think he's not threatened, all the legs slender, it's easy, so here's the fashion, choose high-heeled run these days. The most important thing-the beauty, the inconvenience can be patient, because the beauty, as you know, the victims want. The victims are very big...

What varicose veins are, why dilated veins?

The violation of the structure of the vessel wall and reduction of vascular tone of the deep veins of the lower limbs are dilated unevenly. This process is very much contributed to the excessive load on the legs. The blood received through the blood channels to the systemic circulation from the left ventricle, oxygen-enriched, as well as the nutrients to the lower extremities, and loss of carbon dioxide and metabolic products from them to climb up through the veins through the right ventricle to the lungs, to give away the unnecessary and to pick up the next dose is required to lower extremities materials.

The veins of the lower limb are provided with valves to raise the blood didn't come back because he's overcome the attraction of the Earth, rises up. The varicose veins, the valves do not close tightly so the blood won't change, but it's starting to fall, or stagnate. Then comes the new part, and then the blood circulation is disturbed.

The stagnation of the blood in the venous blood vessels and slow to develop thrombi (blood clots), which are called red, as they are available, especially the red blood cells. The blood clot itself forms the head, the tail, the head is attached to the vessel wall, the free-tail leaves stuck to the platelets. The formed blood clots permanently attached to the walls of the varicose veins will be a ticking time bomb, the family, and released into the bloodstream, the clot is very dangerous as they clog the vital arteries. Family thrombus, usually the tail, and a short trip. After passing safely to the right atrium, the clot can get stuck immediately to the pulmonary trunk, if a large size, or moved in the pulmonary artery, to successfully overcome. I've heard a lot of the sudden death by a blood clot in the blood vessels, the lungs, the doctors this phenomenon is called pulmonary embolism (pulmonary embolism).

Where lies the reason?

To say that varicose veins of the lower limbs the phenomenon is everywhere - you don't have to say anything. But there are people who live to an old age, varicose veins, I have no idea. Why? Maybe originally they knew a secret, or lie, life on the couch with the leg raised?

View of the structure of the wall of the venous vessel was broken, that much is not necessary, just an innate characteristics of the individual or the conditions created by the process of life, because at the beginning of the pathological process:

  1. Genetic predisposition to the parents, NOT a disease, the structure of the vessels, the predisposition to varicose veins disease;
  2. Female sex regarding natural purpose.
  3. The loss of flexibility and the tone of the vascular wall.

The loss of flexibility and the tone of the vessel wall occurs when:

  • Professional (work-related, prolonged stay in a vertical position);
  • Excessive stress during pregnancy, obesity, exercise;
  • Hormonal background, where the leading place in the hormonal changes of pregnancy or menopause;
  • Continuous violation of nutrition, food preferences in the products, which affect the blood vessel;
  • Diseases of the metabolism;
  • Diseases of the liver (hepatitis, cirrhosis);
  • High blood pressure;
  • Smoking;
  • Venous, arterial fistula, which can cause varicose veins even the adolescents.

A varicose veins?

In addition to the description of the terrible events of varicose disease of the lower limbs is simply repulsive. The disease early stages, when expanded to 2-3 wreaths, people often concentrate on non-paying, but the disease progresses, the problems begin. The knots came off, the skin on the inner surface of the foot is lit, change the color of the seats, very itchy. The skin is damaged and ulcerate. But also, if you have diabetes? Varicose veins on the legs – not an independent disease, of the legs, the whole body is involved, because the circulatory system.

Thus, the manifestations of varicose veins of the lower limb can be represented as follows:

  1. The feeling of fatigue in the legs, heaviness, swelling in the extremities;
  2. Thickened, convoluted plots, the veins protruding above the skin surface, the tibia dark-blue nodes;
  3. Compressed, dark, the flexibility, the affected area of the skin;
  4. Cramps in the legs;
  5. Hair loss, burning sensation in the areas of the varicose veins;
  6. Itching in areas of varicose knots.
  • Pain;
  • As a result, stasis dermatitis, eczema, ulcers in the damaged area;
  • Itchy areas appear, blisters, cracks, to give bleeding from the slightest injury. Where there is bleeding, thrombosis formation, is always present.
varicose veins in the legs

Blood clots, however, can easily be complicated with thrombophlebitis, which is characterized by the following features:

  • Difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, weakness;
  • The temperature rise in the affected limb's skin is hot, tight;
  • Pain in the vessel;
  • Redness of the limb during the affected vein.

Special types of varices

Female varicose veins

Of course, the most inherent of varicose veins of the lower extremities, but pelvic veins is a common phenomenon you can imagine what the authorities there on foot, because the eye can't see, that occurs in the veins of the internal organs. In particular, the plan to "success" of the female body, the women have a separate group, the "own" varicose veins.

The physiological characteristics of the fair half of mankind predispose to this disease rather than the nature endowed with the function of procreation, the attached special entities, where the traffic is very intensive, requiring a large number of blood vessels, arteries. If a woman becomes a mother, your body needs to rebuild, and to ensure a normal pregnancy. Of course, the load on the body is huge, stagnation of the pool, lower limbs, place.

Varicose veins during pregnancy will be the starting point for the development of the disease in the future, where dilatation of the pool, like the legs, it's probably a "proper" place in time begins to represent a threat not only health but also human life.

The problem is that the varicose veins of the small pelvis, I just don't see it, because it requires special equipment, because the veins of the pelvis is not accessible as the feet. However, it is also in the form of nodes, similarly, the veins of the legs include blood clots can break away, "I started the freelance" I'm sorry, short... varicose veins in the pelvis can cause internal bleeding. Operations on the pelvic organs, especially the medication it is necessary to use the compression stockings (pantyhose, stockings) to prevent life-threatening complications associated with removal of a blood clot.

Men varicose veins

Varicose veins in men, it happens, to a lesser extent than the women, but in case the lesions of the feet is manifested similarly. So all that said, higher or lower - are fully applicable to the stronger sex.

I must add that men also "boasts" a special man varicose veins - varicose veins of the spermatic cord (varicocele). Fortunately, this kind of men varicose veins are operated well, life is not particularly dangerous, but it's better without it.

Reticular (cosmetic) .

Sometimes through the skin of the Shin or the thigh, suddenly begins to exude a network of small blood vessels. Particularly susceptible can be calm immediately the so-called reticular varices, or varicose superficial veins. It's benign, it's not real. The progression and serious complications are not typical, that he, the general, other than the small cosmetic error, don't compromise. Therefore, reticular varicose veins of the lower limbs is also called cosmetic.

But this is not particularly susceptible to remember how dangerous it is varicose veins on your legs, and the fight begins with the beginning, which is just ignored and skipped by the patient. However, it is realized that the disease, in the future patients of the vascular surgeon I tried that without surgery in the future, interested in the recipes of traditional medicine is often enough to successfully cope with the progression of the disease at home.

Treatment of folk remedies

varicose veins during pregnancy

Food varicose veins

There is no doubt that the nutrition varicose role. And significant. To lose weight varicose veins is actually very useful, so this should start, of course, without the many promotional products that are good for your weight loss is simple, but is contraindicated in the treatment of varicose veins.

Varicose veins of the lower limbs in the first place to start:

  1. The alcohol (completely);
  2. Strong coffee;
  3. Canned, spicy, smoked products;
  4. Sweets, salt, or varicose veins not your love - the water in the body delay;
  5. Fried potatoes very well substitute the "chips", hear what I advise people in the know.

And knowledgeable suggest:

  • consume foods rich in vitamins, and E, although b and C don't prevent;
  • wheat, rye, oats, cabbage of all kinds, soybeans, carrots, gooseberries, wild rose, in particular, has beneficial effects on the venous wall;
  • unlimited vegetables, fresh fruit juices, citrus fruit, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, fresh;
  • nettle, dill, parsley salad, not only helps varicose veins, but significantly reduces the weight.

Apple cider vinegar against varicose veins

Apple cider vinegar is widely sold in the store, but it's expensive. Pleasant to the taste. Treatment:

2 teaspoon vinegar, add a spoonful of honey, fill the purified water volume of 200-250 ml drink in the morning, on an empty stomach. Diluted at a ratio of 1:10 apple cider vinegar good evening grate, the tibia, in the morning, the ship will feel it.

food varicose veins

It's time to see a doctor.

Conservative treatment

Sometimes initiated timely treatment can prevent the disease process, people live without the doctor, supporting themselves in the folk medicine system as well as the diet. But what happens when the disease began, but I can't help you:

  • Infusion, decoction;
  • Compression stockings;
  • Ointments, creams advertised in the media;
  • Massage, gymnastics;
  • Even hirudotherapy does not help.

So, it's time to visit your doctor. In the registry, any clinic, explains what varicose veins in the lower extremities is a special surgeon vessels.

Of course the medicine is always striving to without radical measures, without surgery, to the latest I tried the conservative treatment. Operations, even the simplest, is associated with damaged blood vessels integrity and therefore clot occurrence, which occurs in the varicose veins. In addition, all surgical procedures requiring anesthesia. Here, we must consider the age of the patient, it is known that the old age, varicose veins are often accompanying chronic diseases of the respiratory, cardiovascular system, and this circumstance greatly complicates the choice and maintenance of anaesthesia. Therefore, a vascular surgeon treating varicose veins conservatively at first.

The conservative methods of treatment, in addition to the ointment, cream, pill, varicose veins, include this type of minimally invasive surgery, for example, the compression sclerotherapy (special treatment), as well as laser coagulation of varicose veins (bottom), whereas this treatment does not require hospital stay, less pain, almost pain-free.

The treatment of varicose veins of the lower limbs drugs prescribed to improve blood flow in the veins, protected by the wall, blood thinners. These are the following:

treatment of varicose veins
  1. Medicines which action is directed, is the improvement of the venous outflow;
  2. Platelet aggregation anti-drugs that dissolve the blood clots;
  3. Medications that prevent blood clotting (anticoagulants);
  4. Ointment, varicose veins, jellies, creams of local importance, the therapeutic effect of the above-mentioned criteria;
  5. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.