Under varicose veins, or varicose veins, which suggests that the pathological process leading to excessive blood filling of the venous bed. In this case, the venous wall becomes thinner with the advent of the excessive waviness, and the formation of individual nodes, or lumps along the vein.
What are the general principles of treatment of varicose veins?
This process may affect the veins of different localization – esophageal, hemorrhoidal, veins of the spermatic cord. But in most cases, this pathology develops in the veins of the lower limbs.
This is due to the characteristics, structure, and functioning of the veins in this anatomical region. Exactly, the lower limbs, especially the tibia, are experiencing the maximum static or dynamic load.
The outflow of the venous blood upward direction, against the forces of gravity. This can be achieved, that the work of the chest, the pumping function of the heart, the tension of the muscles of the diaphragm, lower limbs also smooth muscle with the presence of specific persons, bicuspid venous valves. These valves prevent the backflow of venous blood.
The veins of the lower limbs presenting superficial and deep venous network. Under the influence of various provoking factors (overweight, endocrine diseases, "permanent" nature of the work, or pregnancy) develops, the insufficiency of the venous valves, the overflow of deep venous blood.
The excess blood in the deep venous return to the surface. Surface veins can also overload the blood on the wall is stretched, the length increases, which the pathological disease, the presence of a given node. Since forming varicose veins.
The varicose veins treatment is aimed at:
- The strengthening of the venous wall
- Improvement of the venous valves
- The elimination of the local inflammatory symptoms in the form of eczema, dermatitis, and
- Improvement in the venous blood flow in the microcirculation, the blood of the lower limbs
- Strengthening the muscles in the legs
- To prevent complications of varicose veins – vein thrombosis, venous ulcers, and pulmonary embolism
The drug in the treatment of varicose veins is a leader in the conservative therapy of the varicose veins. The emphasis is on the medication carried out the drugs that reinforce the venous wall.
As effective fruit extract, horse chestnut. Between the drugs, the treatment of varicose veins play an important role in the vitamins. One, Vit. P (rutin) also strengthens the vascular wall.
Tablets vitamin P complex of ascorbic acid (Vit. C).
In general, drug treatment, varicose veins need to be combined, and all the preparations for the injection, the internal and external use. The latter are among the group of creams, gels, as well as the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Nsaids). In addition to reduce inflammation nsaids reduce the risk of thrombosis, which is also important that the varicose veins.
During the compression (squeezing) the veins narrowing of the lumen. This saves the current venous blood, eliminates the congestion in the superficial veins.
The simplest form of the compression – tight bandaging elastic bandage, which is carried out on the bases of the toes of the transition to the leg, the tibia and the femur.
It is important that the tours of the bandage was smooth, and then in each subsequent round overlap of not less than 2/3 of the previous one. Recently, a flexible ligature is gradually reduced. The fact that more efficient, convenient and attractive accessories in the form of a purpose-made stocking, socks, and stomp.
Between the physical therapy for the treatment of varicose veins are visible:
- magneto therapy,
- muscle electrical stimulation.
During these procedures, strengthening the muscles of the lower leg, the venous vascular wall, improves venous valves. However, these methods are contraindicated in cases when the varicose veins are accompanied by severe pain. You can't use them all skin pathological processes, including trophic ulcers.
The physiotherapy methods include, medical (oxygen, mineral) bath stay in the mud cure resorts.
Physical therapy, Therapeutic physical culture. Dosing of physical load is accompanied by strengthening of the muscles of the lower limbs, improve venous valves, which in turn facilitates venous outflow.
Among the exercises up, bending the legs at the knees, rolling the toe-heel. Effective Jogging, playing in the pool.
Physiotherapy is not indicated for thrombotic complications of varicose veins. Not desirable, jumping, skiing, playing sports, or lifting weights.
Maybe between types of treatment, traditional medicine offers the richest Arsenal of means to treatment of varicose veins.
Especially herbs used as infusions, decoctions, compresses. In this capacity use a horsetail, celandine, hops, nettle.
The folk recipes for the treatment of varicose veins popular, as well as certain foods – potatoes, honey, apple cider vinegar, vegetable oil, butter.
It should be noted that the folk remedy for the treatment of varicose veins should be considered only as a Supplement to standard techniques. However, to completely ignore this type of treatment is not free.
Some folk remedies like horse chestnut, I found it good for use in the manufacture of modern drugs for the treatment of varicose veins.
A traditional method of treatment by leeches. Contains the saliva of leeches substances reduce blood coagulation, thereby preventing the thrombosis of the veins. The substance also has anti-inflammatory effect.
In addition, if cleaning of the blood leech will decrease the blood flow in the veins. It should be noted that the treatment uses only disposable medical leeches, not dangerous in terms of infection and complications.
The classic method of surgical treatment of varicose veins on your legs, which includes the removal of extended surface areas of the saphenous veins.
Although the trauma of this operation low, it is resorted to only in extreme cases of varicose veins running, when the above conservative methods are ineffective.
A relatively new method of treatment of varicose veins of the lower limbs. The essence lies in the fact that the varicose vein entered the special substance.
The measure is based on the substance of the wall of the varicose veins and the lumen is reduced.
As a result, the place, the blood vessels formed painless cable. This goal required several injections of a special substance.
This method of treatment requires the experience and ability of the doctor who carried out with him. A similar effect of treatment by laser photocoagulation. In this case, the knitting, the veins occurs under action of the laser beam.
The treatment of varicose veins is almost never used, only one of the above methods. For example, physiotherapy exercises should be combined with medication and physical therapy.
After sclerotherapy, mandatory use compression tool. In any case, the methods of treatment of varicose veins, as well as the order determines the doctor – a narrow specialist in the treatment of venous pathology.