Currently, the varicose veins on your legs, it is very common disease. The incidence of women is 3 times higher than men. This is due to the anatomical structure of the vessels, the location and the pregnancy.
Over the past decades, there was a "rejuvenation" of the disease often varicose veins in the legs, the signals that are already present, there are the students. The who classification of venous disease, life-threatening diseases, "shooting first leg, and then the heart" because of the deadly complications.
Varicose veins on the legs cause
Unlike arteries, veins have valves, because of the presence, which is backwards flow of blood impossible. When these valves in the body, the balance between elastin and collagen dramatically reduces the flexibility of the walls, there's falling and stretching. As a result, the valves, and the vessels can not cope with the functions, there is the reverse flow develops a stagnation. This mechanism is the formation of varicose veins.
The formation of varicose veins in the legs can cause the development more.
This is one of the main causes of varicose veins in the legs — as specified in 1/3 of the patients with the disease. The presence of the varicose disease of the close relatives (parents, grandmothers, great-grandmothers) the probability of occurrence of the disease 70%. Hereditary factor is not a disease but a genetically determined anatomical structure of vessels:
- congenital defective valve;
- developed in the connective tissue of the walls of the veins.
- pregnancy, childbirth;
- the menopause;
- treatment, the drugs or hormones used for contraception.
- a thin vascular network and a purple - blue color;
- pain, fatigue, burning, itching or the legs night;
- numbness or damaged muscles at night.
- the skin at the site of varicose veins on your legs, thickened, scaly, covered with bluish spots;
- pain in the calf muscles of standing, when walking, to increase;
- appears in the venous nodes, accompanied by pain to the touch.
- bleeding, which may be a mild shock to stop hard.
- 1. Medical: assigned, depending on the condition of the vessels (after the results of the survey vessels, ultrasound, or contrast venografii), venotoniki, Nsaids, anticoagulants. It could be that the drug-these groups are local in the form of gels, ointments, creams.
- 2. Compression treatment: wearing a special stocking, or at least the use of elastic bandage.
- 3. Pneumatic massage improves tissue nutrition, which improved the venous blood flow.
- 4. Sclerotherapy the introduction of medicines into a vein, blocking the blood flow. There is a gradual atrophy of the ship disappears.
- 5. Laser coagulation of blood vessels of the most modern methods. General anesthesia, the positive results within a month.
- 1. Walking is better than standing.
- 2. The seat is better than standing.
- 3. Lie better than sitting.
- periodically elevate feet on the table, or on the level of the heart to improve blood flow;
- put legs of the stand or have the strength to pull up the toes a few times — reducing the venous pressure;
- break a 10-minute walk or workout the feet after every hour sitting;
- in all cases, the physical load (exercise, running, training on the simulator), as well as during pregnancy, before flying the plane, long journeys by car need to use compression stockings.
- Contraindicated in varicose veins in the legs:
- too much eating, eating large amounts of spicy, salty, oily;
- alcohol, Smoking;
- lifting or carrying heavy loads;
- a hot bath more than 10 minutes to the higher temperature 36.70 C, sauna, solarium;
- warming treatments;
- hormonal drugs, including birth control;
- heel more than 4 cm (calf muscles begin to decrease, in part, resulting in reduced venous circulation).
In this regard, the varicose veins in the legs, signs of which are found in varying degrees the young people of both sexes, and even children, is so prevalent.
Hormonal balance in the body
The varicose veins were caused by the development of varied, but among them the most important, the hormonal balance, which occurs when:
The female sex hormones (progesterone, etc.) the analog, because the destruction of the collagen in the vein walls. This greatly reduces the sound.
Inflammatory processes in the genital organs
Inflammation of the pelvis can lead to hormonal disturbances, changes in blood flow in the small blood vessels. The result of communication between blood vessels, arteries, increase the volume and pressure of the blood in the veins. Dilate, the valves do not stand up to reverse the flow of blood seems to varices.
The sound of all the vessels covered by nerve endings. If certain effects (stress, depression, neurosis, etc.) violation of the nervous regulation of the venous tone decreases, the diameter of the vessels increase.
Physical overload leads to increased pressure in the veins. When a large static load (weight of the body, in the hands of the big load, pregnancy, childbirth, prolonged feet motionless) significantly increased pressure in the veins. The risk groups are the seller, your teachers, your barber, the porters.
The sedentary lifestyle or the job
The scourge of modern life — "the computer.". Leg muscles, a kind of "pump": when you decrease your venous blood moves faster. The seated position the muscles don't contract, except for Togo — veins are recorded, the sound is reduced, violations of the blood circulation.
Increased intra-abdominal pressure leads to high blood pressure, the veins in the legs that interfere with the operation of the valves. This occurs in prolonged constipation, sneezing, coughing.
The development of varicose veins on your legs can lead to reduced immunity, injuries. Plays a role in sexual identity. The relationship between the genetic predisposition of women to varicose veins in the legs, signs of which can be expressed in different degrees, are more common than men. The men go to the doctor when dangerous complications, no operative treatment was impossible.
Varicose veins legs symptoms
If varicose veins on the legs of the first symptoms of the disease can't be pronounced, don't immediately draw attention to themselves. These are the following:
Progression of the changes in the venous blood vessels of the varicose veins on your legs the first symptoms of the disease worse, complaints more and more:
In the future, if the varicose veins in the legs or signs of illness also increases edema. They are a sign that the veins can not cope with the function. This period dangerous complications that can lead to death:
That's why the varicose veins in the legs, signs of which are growing, you need time, because the possible complications. Thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the inner vein walls) promotes the formation of blood clots that block the blood flow in the vessel (phlebothrombosis), or separate, the flow of blood to the lungs (thromboembolism), which may cause death.
In order to avoid the fatal complications must be timely appeal to phlebologist (angiohirurgu) and check clotting.
Varicose veins on legs treatment
If the symptoms of varicose veins on your legs treatment to be started immediately. Currently, medical science has made significant progress in the treatment of this pathology.
If you discovered first signs of varicose veins in the legs, the treatment is possible without surgery consists of several procedures:
A significant role in the treatment of varicose veins play therapy, aimed at restoring the tone of the venous walls.
Varicose veins on the legs to prevent
The varicose veins on legs prevention, in the broad sense, consists of three rules:
In order for the veins to function properly, the leg muscles must contract. Or the legs in a horizontal elevated position, with straight knees.
If someone is forced to stand for long or sit — in a high risk group. The good circulation of venous blood to the muscles of the legs, the heart. Therefore, the varicose veins on legs prevention, active lifestyle, which includes, if possible:
– walking at a fast pace;
– The cycling.
Physical activity should not be prolonged.
A long standing — "cross" from one foot to the other, wiggling his toes.
Prevention prolonged sitting position:
It is impossible to heal. The first sign of varicose veins, talk to your doctor and start the treatment — this will help you avoid serious complications.