Varicose veins – a serious chronic disease, the main symptoms of which are stretching, the tissues of the vessel wall with the formation of venous nodes. If there is already a significant violation of the outflow of the blood and the stagnation in the vascular system.
Medications for the treatment of disease is an important component of the complex treatment of varicose veins. In practice, only 9-10% of the patients suffering from this disease, surgical intervention is undertaken. In most cases, stories are effective, strengthen the varicose veins treatment using the drugs.
The overall treatment strategy
Varicose veins treatment with drugs should be started as soon as possible. In this case, stop the process and does not allow to the development. Funds are usually accepted long courses, sometimes up to 6 months as self-therapy and preventive measures, as well as in the form of additional component stages before and after surgery.
Varicose veins treatment with the medicines is only possible, if the surgery is contraindicated.
The drug therapy does not eliminate venous nodes, and not fully able to remove the spider veins. But the proper treatment of the medicines act as a serious barrier to the development of the progression of the disease.
To thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers, thrombosis will not be your constant companions, you start the medicine of varicose veins in the legs the first symptoms of the disease. Even the surgery only to help the medication.
The group of the drug and the effects
The venous varicose veins medicinal substance klassificeret by the measure type of the three main groups:
- venotonic or phlebotrophic means;
- sanguinem the aroma drugs (anticoagulants) or drugs which inhibit the adhesion of platelets (platelet aggregation agents);
- anti-inflammatory drugs.
One of the goals in the treatment of varicose veins medicine – strengthens the voice, the blood vessels, the stabilization of the venous blood flow. This problem is solved effectively phlebotrophic venotonic drugs are always included in the treatment, prevention.
Research and medical practice proved the effectiveness of phlebotonics, developed on the basis of natural flavonoids – diosmin, hesperides.. These substances not only protect the cells of the blood vessels, but it stimulates the lymph, to stabilize the capillaries. Particularly effective in the simultaneous treatment of combined drugs, all of which are flavonoids.
Most phlebotrophic means that 2 3-month courses. It is important that the reception coincided with the hottest season of the year, when the load on the blood vessels, increase the high temperature, and consumption of large amounts of water. If varicose veins are accompanied by chronic venous insufficiency phlebotonics to half the dose.
A patient diagnosed varicose veins from the beginning to the regular treatmentto prevent disease progression and reduce complications.
The second problem is solved, medicines, blood thinners (anticoagulants), as well as improve the fluid properties, preventing the formation of thrombosis blood clots (platelet aggregation agents).
Blood clots, the separation of the vessel wall, move through the venous channel leading to overlapping vessels, the heart, the lungs, and the human brain. As a result, very likely, heart attack, pulmonary embolism, and ischemic stroke.
Antiaggregants is not a cure for varicose veins, used as a tool for the prevention of serious complications – thrombosis, thrombophlebitis. We can say that these drugs are life saving for the patient to at least reduce the risk of disability.
To reduce pain, swelling, tissue fullness, and other symptoms of inflammation of the venous wall used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics.
A list of the most effective tool
Important: in the form of tablets phlebotrophic medicines varicose veins is contraindicated in the first trimester of pregnancy, breast-feeding and a special sensitivity to the parts.
The dosage and duration of treatment of varicose veins of the lower limb must be calculated, to the doctor depending on the severity of the varicose process, history.
Medicines to thin the blood in the varicose veins
Meet the platelet aggregation agents in the form of injections, tablets, which improves blood circulation and prevents blood clot formation, the treating physician. The dosage, treatment plan, the patient only can be ordered separately.
Such blood thinners varicose veins, like the bell, trental, pentoxifylline, serious contraindications, side effects. The application it is necessary to regularly monitor the indicators of blood coagulation, passing the tests.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory substances
This kind of medications required for severe pain extending along the course of the channel, the boat, when the temperature rises, reduces swelling, and other symptoms of the inflammatory process. They will help to delay the varicose veins of the thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, which are dangerous to life.
Dosing, duration of which is determined only by the doctor, because these drugs are serious contraindications, side effects.
What not to do
If the diagnosis of varicose veins needed attention to lifestyle, nutrition, and exercise. Not allowed:
- active exercise, running, jumping (fix yoga);
- prolonged standing or prolonged sitting position;
- the use of all medicines, without consulting a doctor-phlebologist;
- long flights are forced in a fixed position for the legs. In addition, at high altitude there is a sharp thickening of the blood, which is the formation of blood clots;
- the buying a hot tub, sauna;
- is strictly prohibited cupping, honey massage, is allowed only for manual medical massage.
Trophic ulcers, because of severe pain, dysfunction, lifestyle, work, sleep, because I was getting feeling of heaviness in the legs and unable to stand the movement.
- Trophic ulcers – is a form of complications, varicose veins, which manifests itself in the development and deepening of the long-term healing wounds. Usually the lower leg there's a separate painful ulcers inside which often to observe the "moisture" in the form of allocated blood, serous fluid, which includes the patient's tissue.
- Thrombophlebitis characterized by an acute inflammation of the walls of the vessel concerned, the formation of thrombotic masses, above the lumen of the veins, disrupting the normal blood flow. When walking or standing causes pain, redness, compression of the tissue along the veins, often fever.
- Rupture of the vein or node is causing severe bleeding that needs urgent medical care.
Urgent call for medical help
Immediate access to a doctor is required, if you have the following symptoms:
- Pain in the affected limb, inability to rise to a bed or a few steps;
- The skin of the foot is warm, swollen, firm to the touch.
- Skin color is variable, pale, bluish or bluish-red;
- Sudden shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing, sweating, severe weakness;
- Bleeding the affected area of the skin or of the varicose node.
The necessary medicines for varicose veins of the lower limb must be present, the system of the complex treatment. Even after the surgery, you will need several courses of treatment soothing phlebotonic, as well as the platelets against active agentibus means to prevent possible nutritional diseases, inflammation, complications, against the background of the disease.
A multi-component preparations against varicose veins law the combination of multiple functions. The effectiveness of these drugs is more pronounced. To optimally apply the treatment rates the correct dosage is calculated phlebologist, combined with compression therapy, yoga class, swimming in the pool, a herbal.