Varicose veins - a common disease that 30% of women 10 % of men, and every year the disease "younger". In the initial stages of varicose veins are not felt by the patient, but with time will appear the first unpleasant bells in the form of swelling, spider veins, cramps, pain in the calf muscles. If not immediately carry out prevention, treatment, varicose veins, the legs will appear, visible to the eye, knobby veins.
Causes of varicose veins
The causes of varicose veins are the following:
- Hereditary factor;
- Lack of exercise;
- Hormonal insufficiency of the body;
- Prolonged static load;
- Injury of the lower extremities;
- Weight lifting.
The most prone to varicose veins of the lower limbs who are at work all day standing on my feet for long periods of time sitting at the computer, or time management. This is due to the fact that the seating position of the vein is partially compressed and the blood flow through them slows. This provokes varicose veins of the lower limbs.
The mechanism of formation of
The task of veins is to carry out the cells, organs, the used blood back to the lungs to saturate the oxygen. Press the blood from the heart, the pulmonary veins can't cope with this task helps them for the following systems:
- Venous valves, representing growths of the inner lining of the veins play a role in regulating one-way traffic. Thank you for the correct working behind the flow of blood impossible. Because valves need to raise the blood a fairly high altitude, resist the Earth's gravity, the nature of thought, triple venous system. With the load between the venous system of the body.
- Muscle pump. The muscular layer of the veins is poorly developed, and therefore, the support pressure of the blood in the heart, lungs, located in the thickness of skeletal muscle. These are Contracting, squeeze the vein, then the blood goes to the organs.
Dysfunction of the muscle pump and valves leads to increased burden on the deep veins. Not able to cope with the increased load deep veins to convey the lead role, the subcutaneous veins, which gradually expanded diseases, varicose veins (varicose veins).
It turned out that the varicose veins of the lower limb chronic disease, which increases the diameter of the veins, the blood stagnates, the walls of the veins become thinner, it looks like the nodes. Varicose veins of lower extremities injury to veins protrude through the skin.
Prevention of varicose veins
When the first signs of varicose veins it is necessary to observe the simple rules that will help prevent further development of varicose veins.
- Hot tub, sauna, day activities, patients with varicose veins is contraindicated. High temperatures lower the tone of veins, provoking stasis of the blood;
- The fight the physical inactivity. With the help of regular exercise improves blood circulation, strengthens the blood vessels. With the aim of are displayed, swimming, fitness, running slow;
- When sitting, legs don't lie to each other, because that way the veins are compressed and blood flow is disturbed;
- The struggle of excess weight. A person with excess weight is increased blood volume and strain on the legs, which, together, lead to the varicose veins;
- Do not wear socks with tight bands, tight shoes, high heels;
- Alternative loads, don't stay for a long time to sit, to stand;
- In the morning, the exercises, the legs, the light self-massage of the feet (only in the case if only a predisposition to varicose veins of the lower limbs, but not the clinical symptoms!!!);
- More barefoot in the grass, in the sand;
- Don't get carried away, strong tea, coffee;
- While watching TV, or reading, the place of the foot, above the head. You can use a pillow or screw out of the blanket roller.
The treatment of varicose veins
The varicose veins not only reduces the quality of life of the patient, but may cause fatal outcome. Therefore, it is not necessary to start the disease the first signs that the hospital in the treatment of varicose veins.
Today, the clinics apply the modern methods of treatment of varicose veins, including sclerotherapy, to avoid the surgery of varicose veins. A doctor is the most modern laboratories and the latest equipment (ultrasound, Doppler, duplex ultrasound scanning), and effective medicine, which allows you to achieve the wonderful results of the treatment of varicose veins.
The varicose veins treatment folk remedies
It can be useful, infusions, nettle, acacia flowers, taken before each meal and bath, birch leaves, nettle, burdock (not hot).
The vein treatment of the legs folk remedies only after consultation with a physician is JUST in addition to the drug, which is prescribed by a specialist.
Treatment of varicose veins with drugs
Drug treatment of varicose veins includes drug vein toning in the form of gels, ointments. Enhances the action of drugs can be seen wearing, compression stockings, tights that lightly compress the limb without squeezing the veins.
However, the pharmacological treatment of varicose veins on your legs does not eliminate varicose veins, but only reduce the clinical symptoms of the disease to prevent thrombosis (acute inflammatory disease which requires hospital treatment).
In addition to the use of drugs, the doctor may recommend treatment of the lymphatic circulation after which go away the swelling, improves lymphatic flow in the legs. The only thing I remember is the effect of the massage lasts a long time (two months).
The surgery, the varicose veins of the lower extremities can be seen, not for everyone. Today, many clinics widespread practice of treating varicose veins without surgery. The safest method today sclerotherapy.
Sclerotherapy is a non-invasive method, where the affected vein injected a special drug. The medication destroys the upper layer of the vein, lead to the knitting. A year and a half glued to Vienna, absorption, transport functions take healthy veins.
The drug chosen by the doctor based on the studies, depending on the condition of each patient. To achieve the effect you need 3 to 6 sessions. The result will be visible after 2 - 8 weeks.
Unfortunately, this procedure shows that not all patients suffering from varicose veins. Consult an experienced doctor, as the improper use of this method can lead to recanalization (restoration of the blood flow in the vessels) blood vessels, and the effect that this procedure will be zero.
Treatment of varicose veins without surgery is possible with use of the drug in the form of a microphone. This technique is called Foam-form sclerotherapy. And successfully used in the clinic for the treatment of varicose veins.
In addition, the procedure of sclerotherapy is accompanied by the use of an ultrasound scanner in which the physician determines the movement of the needle and uniform distribution of the drug. Therapeutic effect for the varicose veins in order to get good effects, and significantly reduces the risk of complications.
Varicose veins surgery
In some cases varicose veins the doctor recommends the surgery. Don't be afraid, because today, such operations up-stream or post-operative complications can occur very rarely.
The treatment of varicose veins in the operations of the local tumescent anesthesia. The patient during the surgery in the mind after the surgery can leave the hospital in 2 hours. Compared to operations performed under general anesthesia, the surgery, this does not cause intoxication, reduces the likelihood of bruising. Surgery under general anesthesia (medication to sleep).
Surgical intervention in the treatment of varicose disease is of several types:
- Short Strip;
- Intravascular laser coagulation;
- Endoscopic division.
The optimum method chosen by the doctor after a thorough examination and take the necessary test.
The choice of clinic is important.
They say: "Health cannot be bought". However, this claim is not entirely true. When faced with a problem, people start searching for clinics where they provide expert help. And here not the last role, the cost of services.
The service prices in hospitals depends on the qualification of doctors, equipment and medicines.
To save your health and a full life - not the best choice. Too often professionals medical centers need to improve the errors the other doctor. But these errors indicate to the patient the additional costs are spent the nerves, and, if health. Health is worth to him the best professionals.