Varicose veins on the legs is the most common among all types of this disease. This is related to the vertical posture of man, because that creates a big load on the lower limbs.
What varicose veins are, why does it occur?
Varicose veins disease is the expansion of the superficial veins, in which there is dysfunction of the blood flow. The disease is due to weakness of the venous wall and increase the pressure of blood in the vessels. The enlargement of the venous wall interferes with the normal function of the valve.
The blood doesn't properly move the heart, stagnate in the lower extremities. So developing varicose veins in the legs. The symptoms manifested in the spider veins from appearing, as well as venous knots in the area of the weakened blood vessels.
Causes of varicose veins are quite diverse. The heredity as well as obesity, unhealthy lifestyle, long-term task, to the leg of the pregnancy. It's very important the prevention of varicose veins, it helps to avoid the development of disease, strengthens the blood vessels.
Symptoms of varicose veins on your legs
The symptoms of varicose veins of the lower limbs varied, it all depends on the stage of the disease. Initially, the patient does not see any external symptoms, may disturb only the fatigue after a working day difficulty for the leg. The disease is also obvious that the development of spider veins, appear later, and vein nodes, and are visible dilated blood vessels.
The first symptoms of the disease should immediately consult a doctor.
In the later stages of the disease the symptoms of varicose veins in the legs have to be multiplied, pain in muscles, feet, puffiness, pigmentation of the skin. In special cases, develop trophic ulcers, and venous bleeding.
Symptoms of the disease at different stages of
The first stage of the disease the symptoms of varicose veins on the legs is negligible. Feel, difficulty, and fatigue in some places of the skin shines through the vascular network or "thread" veins.
In the second stage, the disease can be distressing cramps in the legs the symptoms of varicose veins, the patient may feel pain, heaviness after exercise.
The third stage of varicose veins is characterized by the appearance of pronounced venous nodes, pigmentation of the skin, swelling in the lower extremities.
The fourth stage manifests itself in the form of trophic ulcers on the skin that can bleed, heal bad. The patient feels severe pain, discomfort in the lower extremities.
But if it's not treated?
If you notice the symptoms of varicose veins on your legs, treatment as soon as possible. An absence of action can lead to serious complications, such as thrombophlebitis, bleeding from varicose veins, thromboembolism.
Blood clots are formed thrombophlebitis, disturbance of the normal flow of blood, resulting in reduced blood supply to the tissues. If nothing happens, you may be trophic ulcers – sores on the skin, which is damp, poorly healed.
In this case, consult a doctor immediately?
If you notice any symptoms of varicose veins, consult your doctor. Pain in legs, frequent cramps, the appearance of pigmentation, deterioration of the general condition of alerted.
Do not tighten the visit to the phlebologist, timely treatment to the doctor will help to avoid complications to tackle the disease.
Diagnosis of varicose veins on your legs
The most common and most efficient method in the diagnosis of varicose veins, the legs are held, ultrasound. This will help you determine the exact location of the varicose veins, the type and the stage of the disease.
When the first symptoms of varicose vans on his feet immediately to complete a full course examinations.
In addition, the doctor will prescribe common blood test, which shows that the red blood cell count, hemoglobin, white blood cells, and platelets. This will help you determine predisposition to thrombophlebitis or indicate the presence of inflammatory process in Vienna.
To find out the stage of the disease you can use this method as rheovasography – determination of insufficient blood supply to tissues. A complex, difficult to diagnose cases, resort to surgical research (e.g., venography).
Treatment of varicose veins of the legs
There are several ways to treat varicose veins, the choice that the doctor or the stage of the disease, and the course.
- The use of venotonics angioprotectors, drugs – these are medications that normalize the structure of the walls of the blood vessels, improve the blood circulation.
- Compression hosiery – will help reduce the pain, increase vascular tone.
- Treatment of varicose veins of the leeches – hirudotherapy, hirudin, contained in the saliva of leeches, reduces the viscosity of blood, saturated fatty acids are useful substances.
- Surgical treatment – phlebectomy, laser coagulation, radio frequency coagulation, sclerotherapy, helps to cope with the problem of varicose veins and remove varicose veins.
Prevention of varicose veins
Prevention of varicose veins helps to reduce the risk of diseases. The correct lifestyle, the correct, varied physical activity during the day – the ability to constantly keep your veins healthy.
Don't forget the proper nutrition, because excess weight contributes to the development of varicose veins. After a hard day, let your leg relax. Avoid hot treatments for addictions (nicotine, contains the cigarette reduces the vascular tone).
- The first sign of varicose veins, contact your doctor immediately.
- Be especially attentive to the veins in the legs during pregnancy.
- If the risk of varicose veins, the prevention of the disease during long trips, travel and physical exertion wear a compression garment.
- Ensure the correct mode of work, rest.
- Give up Smoking, greasy, or donations of food, prolonged sitting in one position, to reduce the risk of varicose veins.