Varicose veins may be the theme not just the veins in the legs – similar changes are possible in your veins:
- the esophagus, stomach;
- pelvic organs in women;
- the left spermatic cord, testicle in men.
But the reason for the development of all of these types of varices completely different. Therefore, the prevention of the totally different.
In this article we consider only the measures to prevent the most common form of varicose veins – the defeat of the lower limbs. In addition, the fact that 70% in the general morbidity structure, only the prevention is very effective.
A comprehensive approach to prevent varicose veins in the legs:
- To decide whether prophylaxis – indications
- Pay attention to the shoes
- Select the appropriate work
- Active, but remember, the rest of the
- Normalize your weight, eat
- Say no to harmful habits
- Don't be lazy to lose weight the gym
- A draining massage of the legs
- Wear compression stockings
- Sometimes you need the drugs
- The prognosis, prevention
Prevention of the disease, including varicose veins on your legs, there is nothing easier compared to treatment. But if you do it correctly, the whole, or to prevent the disease, or prevent severe consequences.
Only hard work can give you the maximum effect. This is especially true for people with high risk of developing varicose veins in the legs. Prevention of the disease must be life is an integral part of some pleasant daily habit. In fact, nothing complicated.
All cases for the prevention of varicose disease of the lower extremities, please contact the vascular surgeon or phlebologist.
To decide whether prophylaxis – indications
The main risk to the development of varicose veins on your legs, you need to have specific prevention – people:
- Family history – close relatives with this disease.
- Women suffer dishormonal diseases, ovarian.
- Pregnant parents.
- Persons associated with heavy physical work, long staying in standing or seated position (especially a professional, as well as the sedentary lifestyle).
- The lovers walk on high heels, jacuzzi, sauna, spicy food, alcoholic beverages.
- Persons characterized by the presence of ˮvenarumˮ complaints: swelling of feet, ankles at night, cramps, pain in the calf muscles, heavy legs, the legs, reinforced venous pattern, vascular network.
The most important risk factors for varicose veins are genetic predisposition, pregnancy, dishormonal disorders in women. All other prerequisites alone are unable to cause disease, but confirmed that button to speed up the appearance and the weight.
Pay attention to the shoes
The question of selecting the appropriate shoes to a greater extent for women, but for men is also important. Optimum these shoes:
- comfortable, convenient (to avoid crushed feet and legs, but not too free);
- you don't need the high, thin heels – the best 4-5 cm;
- use insoles-arch supports;
- I don't constantly walk in the shoes of flat sole.
Select the appropriate work
The issue of job change is not always easy to solve, even if we are talking about health. But if the risk of varicose veins in the legs are too big, or there were early signs of the disease, it is better to follow the preventive recommendations:
- Eliminates or minimizes, to the hard work associated with physical strain on the abdominal wall, lower extremities.
- Not a lot of time constantly (more than 2-3 hours) to issue a standing or sitting position.
- Contraindicated weight lifting, or other strength sports.
The basic rule – the conditions must be so designed that the blood in the legs don't stagnate, don't put unnecessary pressure on the walls of the veins. Most venous stasis pronounced when the foot is located vertically downwards, the feet, calf muscles, is fixed (when a person is standing or sitting, a position).
Active, but remember, the rest of the
Physical inactivity (sedentary lifestyle) contributes to the varicose veins on your legs. That's why you have to fight:
- morning exercises;
- don't be lazy to walk in the fresh air;
- exercise, or sports related exercises for legs (walking, running, swimming, cycling, aerobics).
But overwork isn't worth it. Do not forget about the rest, you must sleep about 8 hours a day, alternate periods of activity rest periods. The muscles of back surface of Shin play the role of a pump that drives the blood in the veins in the opposite direction to gravity (upward). The load, which is experienced, that's great. Cope with just the muscles that they have restored the power reserve after a tiring day.
Normalize your weight, eat
The lower limbs of people suffering from obesity, in the high load. Therefore, the body weight reduction, prevention of varicose veins, as it reduces everyday tension veins in the legs. To do this, you can use a variety of methods, but be sure to stick to these dietary recommendations:
- Limit fatty food of animal origin (pork, duck, fatty sour cream, eggs), and digestible carbohydrates (pasta, white bread, buns, cookies, cakes).
- Discard the spices and spicy food.
- Eat moderate amounts of fluid to reduce the salt.
- Enriches diet of plant foods: vegetables, fruits, oils (Flaxseed, olive, sunflower).
Say no to harmful habits
The most common bad habits, Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, in isolation, do not cause varicose veins, but in combination with other aggravating factors that contribute to the appearance and progression. That is why the wicked need to abandon them. Do-it-yourself is not easy. If necessary, please ask for help from the doctor-narcologist.
Don't be lazy to lose weight the gym
Each activity, who the background to the varicose veins in the legs, should be combined with period, with the exception of. All you need is 5-10 minutes to devote to performing simple leg exercises at least 1-2 times a day, every night, after the graduation. You don't need a separate room, or special circumstances.
Most of the exercises fast gym you can also do the job:
- In the sitting position, perform 10 to 20 flexor and extensor movements alternating legs so that your rear muscle groups of the lower leg maximum reduction, calm.
- If I sit, stand, move, right, up the stairs. You can also walk on soil, simulating the stairs – the step, step, heel to toe, the calf muscles good decreased calm.
- In the standing position, the toes, hold this position for a few seconds, then down to the heel. Perform the following steps first both legs at the same time (several times), then alternating feet, so that when the right rises the toe and left the heel, or vice versa.
- If possible, sit or lie down, place your foot some support to the position higher than the pool (for example, put your foot on the chair, the table, on the wall).
Landing exercises are designed for the prevention of varicose veins on the legs, very simple and effective. All what you need – don't be lazy to do these exercises.
A draining massage of the legs
The report haurientes foot massage– to improve blood flow in the superficial deep veins. Do-it-yourself, at night, after work, but if possible, and its.
General techniques for self-massage haurientes:
- Sit down, put your feet only on the ground floor, where you're sitting, slightly bent at the knee (less than 90).
- The rubbing movements massage the skin, muscles, in the direction of the toes, the real iuncturam around the entire circumference.
- Grab the leg with both hands so that the thumbs were located on the back, and all the rest – the plantar surface.
- Press the side of the segment, which is wrapped around the fingers and gradually up the course, the tibia on the real iuncturam. During the transition to the new site gradually press for a few seconds, and then relax your hands and move them over.
- Clasp your fingers, a brush, the lateral surface of the heel. Squeeze the fabric with your fingers for a few seconds, relaxing his fingers, moving on up, to the sides of the Achilles tendon, calf muscles towards the knee.
- Pat drumsticks with both hands in the upward direction.
The total duration of the session haurientes self-massage is approximately 10 minutes. After it is desirable to perform the exercise ˮbirchˮ (3 to 5 minutes to make the legs as high as possible, the best corner vertically upwards).
Wear compression stockings
Special products for the compression stockings best strengthen the weakened or changed varicose veins on your legs, and do not allow the expansion. This prevention method works the better the more you use individually chosen compression stockings. Wear it daily before bed, after sleep. At the end of the day, when the load on the legs, there will be less products need to be removed.
What to look for when choosing your compression stockings:
- You need to be comfortable for everyday use. Modern products conform to thin (like nylon stockings), and compress well evenly woven fabrics, elegant appearance, durable. It's better if you buy a Jersey of this type than the conventional elastic bandage or stocking crassus.
- Select the appropriate product. This can be tights, stockings, socks.
- Pay attention to the class of compression – the force compressing the knitted fabric. For prevention, you can use the special preventive knitwear (class zero compression) or treatment, but only the first compression class.
Sometimes you need the drugs
Medicamental prophylaxis of varices is shown, that the persons the high risk group (many a prerequisite to the enlargement of veins), or a typical "venous symptoms" (these are described in the section "to Decide whether prophylaxis – signs").
Remember: ointments, gels provide fast, but short-term effect, but the pills are starting to work slow, but durable. Therefore, topical preparations can be used daily, medicine for internal use – in the form of prior courses 2 times a year, which is approximately one month.
The prognosis, prevention
The table reflects forecast the potential effectiveness, prevent varicose veins, the legs because of the risk of disease.
|A predisposition to varicose veins||Percentage of cases, if prophylaxis is complete||What's going to happen without the entire prevention|
|Low||Less than 5% of mild varicose veins||Patients 95%: mild forms – 45%, medium – 50%|
|Reasonable||30%: light – 20%, average severity – 10%||Patients 99%: average weight – 65%, severe 34% of the|
|High||50%: medium, light, in the form of 40%, difficult 10%||Patient: the average severity of 60%, severe course – 40%|
If you don't want the varicose veins – a prevention!