Vascular disease is increasingly striking young people. A few decades ago the varicose veins in the lower extremities to the doctor by persons, mainly in the elderly. Now the same problem has been found, even the girls.
Diseases (varicose veins) is usually influenced by the fairer sex. The prerequisites for its occurrence is the unhealthy lifestyle, genetic predisposition, wearing the uncomfortable shoes, tight clothing, sedentary work. An important contribution to the development of disease, the pregnancy and the subsequent childbirth. Prevention of varicose veins should be by every woman. The only difference is that one of the fair sex will be enough exercise, while others require drug therapy.
This pathology affects the smaller vessels. Varicose veins is a very dangerous disease. It develops a lot of many years, can lead to death. That's why it's so important the first disturbing symptoms, consult a doctor. Depending on the extent of the disease, the professionals prescribe the proper medicines, tools to deal with it. Stage of varicose veins are the following:
- the initial (of the lower limbs detected no obvious changes, however, the patient may feel a little difficulty, apparently, in the evening);
- the first (the symptoms worse: swelling and itching in the affected vessel, burning pain in the lower limb area);
- the second (the lower limb in part affected spider veins, there are areas of the bulging veins symptoms persist);
- the third (the skin on the Shin under severe changes, dark urine, and the test revealed that the blood clots).
The first signs of the disease, the patient should see a doctor. Men are not usually prescribed in the prevention of varicose veins. Due to the fact that the probability of the disease among men is very low. Women need to be worried about your health, beauty of the feet.
Prevention of varicose veins
To prevent the development of pathology in several ways. Prevention methods are divided into primary and secondary. The former is applied when there is rapid development of the disease or the early stage discovery of disease. Secondary methods are effective in more running situations.
It is worth noting that the prevention of varicose veins in the legs will not be able to remove the pathology. Presented to your attention methods to just relieve some of the symptoms and prevent further progression of the disease. Primary prevention methods include exercises, easy exercise, good nutrition, lifestyle. Secondary involvement of the drug therapy, compression stockings, popular recipes. Let's look in more detail to the prevention of varicose veins in the legs.
Regular consultation of the doctor
If you want to protect your feet diseases such as varicose veins, the first thing you should regularly visit a phlebologist's office. The doctor will be able to monitor the condition of the ship. Often the doctor ultrasound diagnostics, Doppler. These studies will help identify the changed structure of the veins in the earliest stages. It should be noted that many times the patient does not feel any symptoms.
The doctor, after examination, and the research to help you select the appropriate preventive measures. If you already have the initial changes in the blood vessels, such tests regularly. They allow you to identify the progression of the disease and take appropriate action.
Maintaining a normal body weight and proper nutrition
Prevention of varicose veins in the legs, the proper nutrition. The food consumed should be rich in vitamins, minerals. Meals must contain the proper amount of fiber. This will facilitate the digestion and regular bowel movements.
To say that people are overweight varicose disease is detected more often. Due to the fact that the lower limbs have a heavy load. The first symptoms of the pathology to force the patient to change the diet. Consumption of clean water must be not less than one and a half liters per day. Drink plenty of fluids, helps thin the blood to. Indirectly affect the blood vessels, the vessels of the lower limbs.
Appropriate clothing is the key to healthy blood vessels
Prevention of varicose veins in the legs associated with the use of the proper clothing. Phlebologists it is strongly recommended not to wear tight underwear, clothing. So, the area below the waist to to see the ordinary things. Can't wear the skinny jeans, especially the severe violation of the circulation in the pool dropped waist. Tights, stockings should be selected on the size.
During the day wear only comfortable shoes. Possible should stop the high-heeled shoes, tight shoes. The elevator in the corner should not exceed 3-4 cm. If you need the dress, the shoes, do not keep all day. Regularly remove the shoes and let your feet rest. Subject to availability during the day, full flexion, the foot the simple exercises that is presented to your attention below.
The sedentary lifestyle directly to the varicose veins
Remedy for varicose veins may be different. But that's not gonna help if you don't change your lifestyle. Refrain from constant sitting. During this situation, the blood, the lower extremities stagnate. Existing valves start to work hard. This leads to the damage and vasodilation. The situation is exacerbated if the foot, leg, or latesco a limb. In this case, the blood just sealed the ship. He didn't leave, but it didn't work.
Of course, the prevention of varicose veins is not required to work, or to leave favorite activities. However, try to the movement. If the preconditions for the development of the disease, then an hour ten minutes to Hiking and preventive practices. Upon returning home, position the legs above the level of the body. In this condition is worth to be not less than fifteen minutes. Then to run the household while you perform the basic exercises.
Compression underwear varicose veins
An excellent tool for the prevention or tights, or stockings. However, these are not common. Compression underwear varicose veins be prescribed by your doctor. It specialist to determine what level of flexibility is appropriate in this case. Tights, tights for varicose veins can have a variety of. They all have different pressure to certain areas of the foot. For example, a light degree of compression only affects the ankle. The higher the value, the variety of this lingerie, the greater the therapeutic effect.
The first degree of compression
These stockings varicose veins, as a preventive measure. They have been relatively little pressure on the ankle, which is in the range of 18-21 mm Hg.
The main indications for such prophylaxis difficulty is with the feet, burning in the abnormal veins, as well as a little swelling occurs in the evening hours. Also, the product can be used in a forced sedentary lifestyle. Stockings is often the first of the compression ratio assigned to the commercial workers and other support staff. These people are forced to spend a long time in the same situation, are in danger.
The second class
Tights to prevent varicose veins second degree of compression is often required after treatment. The pathology can be corrected surgically, or using minimally invasive techniques. Often the second compression class prescribed for women to prevent varicose veins during pregnancy or childbirth. The tights, tights can be night and day.
It should be noted that the second class of compression to a pressure from 25 to 32 millimeters of mercury. When you select a product, it is necessary to properly determine the size. So you need to ask help from a specialist.
Third, fourth class
These types of gauze bandage are not preventive, as well as the medical character. They were appointed in particularly difficult situations - when elephantiasis of the legs, ulcers in the case of impossible the surgical treatment.
The third class, the compression underwear pressure 36 to 46 mm Hg. At the same time, pull not only the ankle, calf, but also in the areas located on the thigh. Fourth grade compression providing the pressure is greater than 59 millimeters. This product is rarely available for sale. Usually you need the prescription pharmacy.
The drug is taken orally
Remedy for varicose veins can tablet you form. These drugs help strengthen the walls of blood vessels. They are also anti-inflammatory effect in blood vessels. Pain, swelling, cramps, itching often after the course the use of such devices. It should be noted that some medications thin the blood. This should be considered when choosing a medication.
All medication must be taken orally by the doctor. All patients individually selected dosage of the drug, and the speed of the reception. Certain medicinal drugs can be taken during pregnancy. However, when breastfeeding, to carry out preventive maintenance it is forbidden. All preformed preparations divided into several groups:
- Antioxidants. Help to cleanse the body, including the blood vessels, toxins.
- Platelet aggregation agents and anticoagulants. Thin the blood, improves the composition.
- Phlebotonics. Strengthens the venous wall, to relieve swelling, and prevent inflammation.
All medicines the contraindications, and limitations. Before you use the or other funds you need to consult your doctor. In some cases, prevention is assigned to many drugs. In this case, the combination therapy produces a stronger positive effect.
It means that the local application
Cream varicose veins may also be used to prevent. Often these medications are prescribed with compression stockings. It should be noted that these compounds are safer than capsules or tablets. However, if the symptoms of varicose veins, they are powerless. Any cream for varices to apply light rubbing movements. The direction should be the bottom-up. A lot of products need repeated use during the day. This may not be too comfortable.
The effect of such prophylaxis may not be noticeable to everyone. These drugs positive results with oral medications.
Exercise to prevent varicose veins
Normal bending of the foot can be a good prevention of varicose disease of the lower limbs. However, each exercise must fit properly. I need to conduct on a regular basis. The only way to win may be the effect of the manipulation. If you have had varicose veins, the doctor's opinion to tell you the effectiveness of comprehensive correction. In this case, use compression together with drug therapy. Exercise also has many benefits.
Trains the muscles of the legs and have a preventive effect on normal running. You don't have to develop greater speed. Just run the pleasure. If you want to the exercises can be done at home. This is to be followed.
Alternative, the term may become a large raise, your knee. Stop, hands on his pants. Alternately raise one other leg so that the knee forms a 90-degree angle.
Rise to the toes
The prevention of varicose veins proved to be effective, this exercise should include exercises. Stand up straight, the legs should be firmly standing on the ground. Slowly stand on your toes, so the heel away from the floor three inches. Then slowly back to starting position.
This exercise can be performed even in the workplace. One approach to 10 onto. During the day you can do 5 to 10 db.
"Bike" or exercises instead of
Good prevention of varicose veins on a Bike. If you don't have this vehicle or you don't have enough time, these walks, with the next exercise.
Sit on a solid, horizontal surface, the legs lift up. Palms rest on the ground. Start in a circular motion feet, like pedaling. The duration of this type of exercise can range from three to five minutes. During the day more approaches.
Treatment subsequent prevention
Varicose veins are not filtered out, that the preventive measures. Even the drugs do not provide long-term therapeutic effect. Currently, the most effective way to eliminate the varicose veins laser surgery, sclerotherapy, surgery. After the treatment your whole life, to participate in the prevention of varicose veins. Otherwise, the disease can affect healthy veins.
Remember that the sooner you contact a specialist, the less you will need the forces and means to combat varicose veins of the lower limbs. Follow your doctor's recommendations and follow all assigned preventive measures.
Health, let your feet all nice.